Image from page 556 of “Industrial medicine and surgery” (1919) – Philadelphia Picture

Identifier: industrialmedici1919mock
Title: Industrial medicine and surgery
Year: 1919 (1910s)
Authors: Mock, Harry E. (Harry Edgar), 1880-
Subjects: Occupational diseases Working class Surgery Medicine
Publisher: Philadelphia and London : W. B. Saunders Company
Contributing Library: Yale University, Cushing/Whitney Medical Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Open Knowledge Commons and Yale University, Cushing/Whitney Medical Library

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e them for a better position in some alliedoccupation. The employer can often be interested in these efforts andwill be of the greatest help in suggesting the means of preparing thepatient for his future. This rehabilitation of injured employees is one of the most fertilefields of endeavor open to the surgeon. Every hospital should provide TREATMENT OF INJURIES 549 some qualified person who can assist in these forms of psychotherapy.Often the manual work which is given the patient will be such as willhelp him to regain function in an injured member. For instance, con-tractures following a hand infection often result in stiff and uselessfingers. Early employment of the fingers by typewriting, by weaving,by grasping a hammer or a saw, and similar methods will be of thegreatest aid in preventing undue contraction and restoring function. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY This use of work as a means to help restore function and as anadjunct to the usual surgical treatment, employed as a form of psycho-

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FlG. —An amputation case learning to use his stump by doing wood-carving. therapy, is called occupational therapy. It can be used during thehospital treatment or the home treatment as above described. Smallshops should be established in connection with each hospital wherevarious kinds of occupational therapy can be administered. As soon as possible, however, patients should be removed from theinfluence of the hospital. Every surgeon knows the great patienceand time that is often required to overcome the hospitalization whichfollows a prolonged sojourn there. But patients leaving the hospitaland allowed to remain in idleness around the home frequently developeven a worse state of mind. Therefore, as soon as possible after 550 INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE AND SURGERY leaving the hospital every injured employee should be returned tosome light occupation in the plant. Foremen must realize that thisis a definite part of the treatment and that such employees are notexpected to turn out an average

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Tagged: , bookid:industrialmedici1919mock , bookyear:1919 , bookdecade:1910 , bookcentury:1900 , bookauthor:Mock__Harry_E___Harry_Edgar___1880_ , booksubject:Occupational_diseases , booksubject:Working_class , booksubject:Surgery , booksubject:Medicine , bookpublisher:Philadelphia_and_London___W__B__Saunders_Company , bookcontributor:Yale_University__Cushing_Whitney_Medical_Library , booksponsor:Open_Knowledge_Commons_and_Yale_University__Cushing_Whitney_Medical_Library , bookleafnumber:556 , bookcollection:medicalheritagelibrary , bookcollection:cushingwhitneymedicallibrary , bookcollection:americana

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